By Ralph V. Turner
This e-book offers a examine of the evolution of a pro judiciary in medieval England in the course of the careers of forty-nine royal justices from the decade of Henry II until eventually 1239. these years have been an important for the expansion of the typical legislation, generating the 2 felony treatises Glanvill and Bracton. The interval additionally represents a severe part within the development of a pro civil carrier for England. Professor Turner's learn plots the shifts from unspecialized multipurpose royal servants to corps of experts, focusing on one sphere. by utilizing the tactic often called prosopography, the writer succeeds in bringing imprecise outlines of the early royal justices into sharper concentration. even if they performed a massive position within the shaping of English universal legislation, little biographical fabric has been on hand. This research, through taking a look at the judges jointly, succeeds in overcoming the shortage of resources on participants and provides a composite photo.
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Additional info for The English Judiciary in the Age of Glanvill and Bracton c.1176-1239
G. Richardson, 'Richard fitz Neal and the Dialogus de Scaccario', E. H. R. , 4 3 22 (1928): 1 70-1. 24 THE ENGLISH JUDICIARY shire, was a royalpincerna rarely resident in his shire; and he more often went on eyre to the eastern counties, where he held prop erty through his wife. On the other hand, William Basset was primarily a local official, only coming to Westminster for the twice-yearly Exchequer sessions, and he was often a justice in Warwickshire and Leicestershire or Lincolnshire, where he was sheriff at one time or another.
Cambridge, 1 967), pp. 268, 299. L. Brooke, 'The composition of the chapter of St Paul's 1 068-1 1 68', Camb. Hist. JI. , 10 (195 1): 1 20. GLANVILL AND COLLEAGUES, 1 1 76-89 29 among the thirteen justices is Glanvill, whose spectacular military success in the 1 1 7 3-4 rebellion won him Henry H's favour. His rigorous enforcement of the Assize of Clarendon in Yorkshire, where he was sheriff in 1 166, may have already attracted the king's favourable attention. 17 Sometimes ties of patronage are clear because they are also family ties.
Bullough and RL. , The Study of medieval records, Essays in Honour of Kathleen Major (Oxford, 1 971), pp. 1 04-6, and David Corner, 'The Texts of Henry II's Assizes', in Law-Making and Law-makers in British History, ed. Alan Harding, Royal Hist. Soc. Studies in History, 22 (London, 1 980): 7-20, prove con clusively the reliability of Howden's texts. 5 Roger Howden complained of the cost of the 1 198 eyre under Richard I ' By these and other vexations, whether just or unjust, the whole of England from sea to sea was reduced to poverty', 4: 62.
The English Judiciary in the Age of Glanvill and Bracton c.1176-1239 by Ralph V. Turner