By Yehuda Elkana (auth.), Everett Mendelsohn, Yehuda Elkana (eds.)
Anthropological methods to the sciences have built as a part of a broader culture all for where of the sciences in modern global and in a few simple feel all in favour of questions about the legitimacy of the sciences. within the years because the moment international struggle, we've seen the emergence of a couple of diversified makes an attempt either to investigate and to deal with the successes of the sciences, their wide penetration into social existence, and the experience of challenge and situation that they've projected. one of the of hobbies concerned with the sooner responses have been the improvement social accountability of scientists and technological practitioners. there's no doubt that this was once an instantaneous outgrowth of the position of technological know-how within the struggle epitomized by way of the profitable development and catastrophic use of the atomic bomb. the popularity of the deep social application of technology, and particularly its position as an device of battle, fostered interest concerning the previous enhance ment of medical disciplines and institutional kinds. The heritage of technological know-how as an particular self-discipline with full-time practitioners might be visible as an try to find technological know-how in temporal area - first in its highbrow shape and moment ly in its institutional or social shape. The sociology of technology, whereas definitely having roots within the pre-war paintings of Robert K.
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Additional resources for Sciences and Cultures: Anthropological and Historical Studies of the Sciences
Pecham's view on the behaviour of nature, to which he was committed, can be summarized in a few principles: "action in a straight line is easier and stronger for nature" (33). Yet the hint at a fum realistic approach to nature is misleading. •. it should be 26 Yehuda Elkana known that all the pyramids in a single body of illumination constitute essentially one light ... and an intlnite number of reflections must take place from every mirror ... nevertheless, the reflections are not thereby actually inIlnite since they all form one body of light.
Here are a few examples: The power of sight resides in the glacial humour. Experience teaches this, for ... (23) or ... certain knowledge [sic I of size can be obtained only by a comparison of equal angles having rays of unequal length to unequal bases, for it is manifest that lines proceeding from an angle diverge in proportion to their extension and consequently contain a proportionately large base. However, as experience proves ... [my italics, Y. ] (24) or again, ... this can be proved by experience, and [can be shown to result I , from natural causes as it was for plane mirrors above (25).
It should be 26 Yehuda Elkana known that all the pyramids in a single body of illumination constitute essentially one light ... and an intlnite number of reflections must take place from every mirror ... nevertheless, the reflections are not thereby actually inIlnite since they all form one body of light. Upon this definition of rays Pecham builds an elaborate geometrical optics, which proceeds almost solely in terms of rays and the geometrical rules governing their behaviour and which pays little attention to the real nature of light (35).
Sciences and Cultures: Anthropological and Historical Studies of the Sciences by Yehuda Elkana (auth.), Everett Mendelsohn, Yehuda Elkana (eds.)