Read e-book online Polyfluorinated Chemicals and Transformation Products PDF

By Robert C. Buck, Peter M. Murphy (auth.), Thomas P. Knepper, Frank T. Lange (eds.)

ISBN-10: 3642218717

ISBN-13: 9783642218712

Due to their remarkable effectiveness and potency, polyfluorinated chemical compounds (PFC) have develop into crucial in several technical purposes. even though, many PFCs delivered to industry convey constrained biodegradability, and their environmental endurance mixed with poisonous and bioaccumulative strength became an issue of outrage in a few circumstances. This quantity highlights the synthesis of PFCs, targeting ingredients with superior program and environmental homes, that are a problem for man made chemists. extra, smooth mass spectrometric thoughts for the detection and id of biotransformation items of PFCs are defined. The sorption and leaching habit of PFC in soil is additionally addressed in an effort to expect their destiny within the setting. numerous contributions talk about the tracking of PFCs in ecu floor, floor and consuming waters, cures for PFC elimination from ingesting water, incidence in nutrition, and the human biomonitoring of PFCs.

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Due to identified hazards for PFOS and PFOA in the context of their long history of production, their historical global use and emissions of perfluorinated compounds in the last 50 years are of major environmental importance. Prevedouros and his research group published a model in 2006, where cumulative global emissions between 2005 and 2050 have been predicted to be at least 80% lower than the estimated cumulative emissions between 1950 and 2004. Composing an initial global-scale mass balance model to evaluate the identified direct emissions of PFCs from manufacture and using this model could account for observed concentrations of PFCs in the environment (Prevedouros et al.

26 2 The Family of PFCs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 3 Physical Properties of PFC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 S. P. T. 1007/978-3-642-21872-9_2, # Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012 25 26 S. Posner 4 Historic Emissions of PFCs .

J Fluorine Chem 114(2):149–156 8. Smart BE (1994) Characteristics of C-F systems. In: Banks RE, Smart BE, Tatlow JC (eds) Organofluorine chemistry. Plenum Publishing, New York, NY 9. Banks RE, Smart BE, Tatlow JC (1994) Organofluorine chemistry: principles and commercial applications. Plenum, New York 10. Simons JH (1949) Electrochemical process for the production of fluorocarbons. J Electrochem Soc 95:47–59 11. Holzapfel W (1966) Uses of fluorinated chemicals. Fette, Seifen, Anstrichmittel 68 (10):837–842 12.

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Polyfluorinated Chemicals and Transformation Products by Robert C. Buck, Peter M. Murphy (auth.), Thomas P. Knepper, Frank T. Lange (eds.)

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