By William R. Brock
Research and accountability bargains with the extension of social accountability within the American states through the latter 1/2 the 19th century. Lord Bryce wondered the truth of yankee trust in laissez faire, and up to date paintings has bolstered those doubts. Professor Brock makes a considerable contribution to this reassessment, via an exam of the actions of the firms validated at a nation point for the rules of the social setting. utilizing the facts supplied by means of the broadcast stories of the kingdom firms, he argues that those actions have been way more huge then has frequently been inspiration, and exhibits the ways that they laid the principles for contemporary govt job within the fields of welfare, wellbeing and fitness, protection, labour legislation, and monetary rules. by way of a close exam of such corporations as forums of nation charities and public wellbeing and fitness, bureaus of labour statistics, and railroad commissions, Professor Brock locations the extension of nation accountability in a brand new viewpoint. The e-book additionally incorporates a reassessment of judicial opinion and closes with an exam of how during which adventure within the states motivated the advance of nationwide coverage.
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Extra info for Investigation and Responsibility: Public Responsibility in the United States, 1865–1900
Counties which contained manufacturing establishments seldom exerted any supervision over them, except perhaps when the most obvious threat to the comfort and health of neighbors caused the traditional power to compel the removal of a "nuisance" to be invoked. Mine operators had little to fear from county officials, even if the law of the state enjoyed safety standards. Counties might be impelled to take action if one of the more dangerous epidemics struck the district, but normally their health officers were local physicians who attended irregularly to poorly paid part-time duties.
27 Greater knowledge of the laws governing natural phenomena enabled men to promote the beneficial and suppress the harmful tendencies. There was no conflict between "nature" and man's efforts to control it to his own advantage. " 28 Local responsibility for county jails had been necessary when population was sparse and communication bad, but circumstances had changed and central control was now essential if they were to be improved. In 1880 the Connecticut Board of Health printed an essay by Professor W.
Citations in the p a r a g r a p h are from a reprint, ed. J. D o r f m a n (New York, 1969), 82, 88, 89-90. 42 Investigation and responsibility and in 1889 their arguments received indirect endorsement from no less an authority than Alfred Russell Wallace, the English biologist, who had come near to anticipating Darwin in a public presentation of basic evolutionary theory. ** Writing as an "advocate of pure Darwinism" he nevertheless made important qualifications when applying the principles to human evolution.
Investigation and Responsibility: Public Responsibility in the United States, 1865–1900 by William R. Brock