By Robert A. Birmingham
A entire evaluation of the Indian mounds of Wisconsin, discussing who equipped the mounds, and while and why they have been outfitted. It makes use of facts drawn from archaeology, ethnography, ethnohistory, linguistics, and the traditions and ideology of present-day local american citizens within the Midwest.
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Extra info for Indian Mounds of Wisconsin
In 1920, the society formed Save Aztalan, a movement that eventually led to the public ownership of the premier archaeological and mound site in Wisconsin. Throughout its early years, the Wisconsin Archeological Society encouraged and organized mapping expeditions undertaken by volunteers and published the results of these extensive studies in the Wisconsin Archeologist. Although written by amateurs, many of these reports stand as models of 41 Speculation, Excavation, Explanation professional research reports.
But Lapham also did not believe that the modern indigenous peoples of the region, whom he considered “little advanced in civilization,” were mound builders, although he left open that possibility. As to what had happened to the Native American mound builders of the past, Lapham was not certain. Perhaps they had been driven oV or had migrated to another area and were living in some remote western region. Or perhaps they had simply been overrun by a stronger tribe with diVerent customs. Lapham, however, anticipated the development of later theories of cultural evolution by pointing out that while dramatic changes in customs and institutions have occurred throughout history among the many cultures in the world, these changes were not necessarily accompanied by the replacement of indigenous people with others: The inhabitants of Egypt have ceased to build pyramids and sphinxes; the Greeks have ceased to erect temples: and yet, we have reason to believe that their descendants occupy the same country.
According to Pidgeon, in the guise of De-coodah, some mounds were built during national festivals of the Elk Nation, while others commemorate important events, such as the union, extinction, or migration of aYliated tribes. There were matrimonial mounds, sacriWcial mounds, and mounds that told the story of dynasties and battles. 4). In a harsh critique, Silverberg characterized Traditions of De-coo-dah as a “crazy masterpiece of pseudoscience,” the epitome of the grand era of humbug typiWed by Pidgeon’s contemporary P.
Indian Mounds of Wisconsin by Robert A. Birmingham