By Theodore Shapiro
One of Moliere's gauche characters in Le Bourgeoise Gentilhomme re sponds with shock while he learns that he has been talking prose all his existence. the obvious discovery, mirrored in his remark, offers us with either the virtues and the problems in proposing "yet one other book," in particular one with a slightly bold identify as this one. The virtues should be cataloged lower than cross-fertilization between a few disciplines which supplies impetus to new rules, paintings, or even dis coveries. The problems pertain to the adaptation in concentration of every disci pline, the adaptation within the item every one self-discipline chooses to check, and the adaptation in really good language that accrues among fields of inquiry. no longer too decades in the past, normal technology and particularly psychology have been in the confines of philosophy and its subsectors: the pre Socratic philosophers have been basically cosmologists, and in basic terms later, with Socrates and Plato's paintings, did an curiosity in epistemology think a principal place inside of philosophy. even though this occasion placed guy on the middle of philosophical inquiry, the emergence of suggestions to check mental approaches in step with se was once certainly overdue and, at that, lengthy after average technology had edged clear of philosophy. lately, it's a few instances tough to differentiate linguistics from philosophy, simply because there's a robust wave of philosophical pondering that's depending on linguistic research, and the really good linguistics of that region relies seriously on philosophical musings.
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This seemed a plausible and fruitful route if it rendered such simplicity. The next unit considered was the morpheme, the smallest unit which carried meaning, and so on up the line to a word, and then from a word to a sentence or tagmeme. Thus, the very scaffolding of a theory of linguistics based on ever smaller units was created. This led to a kind of molecularization of language and the unification of varying molecules into substances which common sense could apprehend. If we look at the two clinical examples cited earlier and try to find from those whether we have any better understanding based on this model of what the individual said, we will find it yields little for us as clinicians.
There are also a number of experiments concerning pigtail and bonnet macacques (Kaufman & Rosenbloom, 1969; Kaufman, 1976) which suggest that analogue states to depression may be seen after mother-infant separation with associated physiological concomitants and comparable behavioral states. Other experiments concerning the bases of attachment behaviors and their relationships to later social behaviors (Harlow, Plubell, & Beysinger, 1973; Schneirla & Rosenblatt, 1961) are but a few of the fruitful areas originating in studies of simian behavior.
We, instead, might reduce all surface structures to some base hypothetical deep structure which then could be looked at as corresponding to units that the mind itself uses to analyze and comprehend. As such, we could hear the sentences taken from the clinical examples which bore irony or the second patient's comment in Latin as understandable from a linguistic standpoint, but only fully understandable when we examine aspects of the productions that are orthogonal to linguistics, that is, travel a parallel route but not essential to linguistic studies.
Clinical Psycholinguistics by Theodore Shapiro